The Indigenous Population in Salta

the-indigenous-population-in-saltaAccording to a census conducted recently, from the Argentinians living in the region of Salta, 41% of them are Amerindians. In other words, they descend from indigenous communities or civilizations that inhabited the region in the past. Among the many indigenous civilizations that we can mention, perhaps the most popular are the Tobas and Diaguitas. Others include the Ava guaraníes, Calchaquíes, Chanés, Chorotes, Chulupíes, Kollas, Pueblo Lule, Pueblo Tastil, Tapietes, Weenhayek, Wichís: these are just a few of them.

The most important message and cultural heritage that these civilizations have left are principles that have to do with love and respect for nature and all living beings. Art and love might just be the answer or right approach to healing those aspects of life that are constantly and systematically damaged or repressed. Latin America is a region affected by the constant exploitation of the natural resources in detriment of the flora and fauna and the wellbeing of the native people. Artistic and cultural expression has always been an important part of their heritage.

There is a social role that art plays in all sorts of communities and not only in small ones like those in Salta. Art is important to all of us, whether one consider themselves an artist or not. Usually people tend to idealize artists; society puts them on a pedestal and looks upon them as gifted, unique, people. In our society, art has become a subject related to objects, to concrete things (even if when talking about music), but not related to life or to people. Art is a something that is supposed to be reserved for those experts who know the rules and know how to create it. Why can an ordinary person not make a work of art out of their life? Who is to say that a lamppost or a house can be a work of art and not the life of an ordinary person?